Poor bathroom ventilation can make matters of personal care awfully unpleasant. While newer, local building codes have learned to account for this issue, many older homes are equipped with bathrooms that do not offer enough ventilation to make the acts of showering or going about ones daily bathroom-related affairs as comfortable as they ought to be.
If your current bathroom doesnt seem to offer you the right amount of ventilation, you can take certain steps to increase air flow and improve your bathroom environment. Blair Harris is the director of Sales and Marketing at A&R Mechanical Services, a Plumbing, Heating and Air Conditioning company that has been serving Amarillo, Texas since 1992, and she thinks that anyone with poor bathroom ventilation ought to try the following in order to combat the problem:
Using an Exhaust Fan
When it comes to improving bathroom ventilation, the use of a fan is truly key. If your bathroom comes equipped with a built-in exhaust fan, dont wait until after youve emerged from the shower to turn it on. Instead, make a habit of running your bathroom fan while you shower so that it can combat all of that added moisture in the air and help keep the atmosphere as cool as possible. If you dont have an exhaust fan in your bathroom, bring in a local plumbing and HVAC company to see if installing one is an option.
Installing a Bathroom Window
You may add a window on one of your bathrooms exterior walls. Not only can a window improve your bathrooms appearance, it can also help tremendously on the ventilation front. If youre not keen on the idea of having a permanent draft in your bathroom, keep in mind that just because you choose to install a bathroom window doesnt mean that youll always have to leave it wide open. By cracking the window for even a few minutes, you can introduce a stream of fresh air into your bathroom and make it more comfortable in the process.
Cleaning Your Vents
If your bathroom air doesnt seem to be circulating well, clogged or dirty air vents could be to blame. To remedy this, try giving your vents a thorough cleaning. If youre not sure how to tackle the task yourself, hire a local air duct cleaning company to do the job for you. You might be surprised at what a difference a single vent cleaning makes.
Adding More Vents
If running your exhaust fan doesnt seem to be doing the job and your bathroom is not a good candidate for a window, another option for improving ventilation is to hire an HVAC company to install custom ductwork. By adding more vents, you can turn an otherwise stuffy bathroom environment into an airy and pleasant one.
Leaving the Bathroom Door Open
Its natural to want privacy while you shower, but if you live alone or have a bathroom thats only accessible via your bedroom, you can leave the door open a crack to improve ventilation and prevent the buildup of moisture and steam. If your living situation isnt conducive to this solution, make a habit of opening the bathroom door once you get a chance to throw on some clothes after showering. This process will at least allow some of that hot air to dissipate, making your post-shower bathroom atmosphere just a bit less stifling.
Opening that Shower Door
If your shower happens to come equipped with a glass door, opening it once youre done bathing can also improve bathroom ventilation. This will help the steam travel through the air more quickly, and in some cases, it might also help reduce the chances of a mold or mildew buildup.
Your bathroom is one of those places that you just cant avoid, so you should do what it takes to make it as comfortable as possible. If the air flow in your bathroom isnt what youd like it to be, contact an experienced plumbing and HVAC company to learn about your options for improving the situation.
If you think that technology and management have entered only our industries and management institutes, you are wrong. These have entered our kitchen also in a big way to change life, especially for women. In fact, the modern kitchen has greatly helped in the empowerment of women.
The changeover from traditional firewood/kerosene to LPG, has revolutionised cleanliness and the environment, and the pressure cooker has helped housewives to reduce cooking time drastically. With the use of the refrigerator, mixer-grinder, microwave oven, electric chimney, etc, the kitchen has totally changed – and so has the way we used to cook and preserve food in the kitchen.
The design and layout are to be taken care of by the architect or the civil engineer while constructing the kitchen. But other things are to be taken care of by the person operating the kitchen. A safe kitchen is one of the first steps in protecting yourself and your family from food-borne illness and the potential dangers of harmful bacteria as well as protecting the person working in the kitchen from LPG leakage and subsequent explosion.
The most common problem in food safety is the attack from bacteria and contamination due to lack of proper cleanliness. To avoid this:
Wash hands often.
Keep raw meat and ready-to-eat foods separate.
Cook food at proper temperature.
Refrigerate food promptly to below 4C.
Hands should be washed in warm, soapy water before preparing foods, especially after handling raw meat, poultry and seafood. Never forget to wash your hands after switching tasks, such as handling raw meat and then cutting vegetables. Also, it is important to wash hands after taking out garbage, sneezing or petting your dog or cat, etc.
– Always use two cutting boards: one strictly to cut raw meat, poultry and seafood; another for ready-to-eat foods like breads, fruits an vegetables.
– After each use, wash cutting boards thoroughly in hot soapy water.
– Discard cutting boards that are worn out with cracks, crevices and excessive knife scars.
– Wash plates between uses or use separate plates: one plate for holding raw meat, poultry and seafood; another for cooked roods.
– Place raw meat, poultry and seafood on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator so that the juices don’t drip onto other foods.
– Place washed produce in clean storage containers; not back into the original ones.
– Use two separate clean towels/cloths: one to dry off the kitchen surfaces and another one to dry your hands.
– Use one spoon or laddle to taste food and another to stir and mix food.
– Make sure that you use clean scissors or blades to open bags of food.
– Wear latex gloves if you have a cut or sore on your hand.
Sponges are safe only when cleaned properly. Bacteria live and grow in damp conditions. Wash dishcloth, sponges and towels often in the hot cycle of your washing machine.
Disinfect sponges in chlorine bleach solution. Replace worn-out sponges frequently.
In the cupboard
Clean and cool, dark and dry, are how you should describe your cupboards. Storing non-refrigerated foods in the cupboard between 50F and 70F is the smartest way to keep the bugs away.
Keeping canned foods on hand is smart and practical, but make sure that your stock is rotated. Remember the FIFO method – first in, first out. That means older cans should be up in front so that they are used first. The safest place for a can that is leaking, bulging or cracked, is in the garbage!
Once you have opened a package, make sure that the leftovers are stored in containers that are dry and airtight. This keeps insects out and the flavour in.
Store food safely. Keep chemicals and cleaning agents away from food.
Inside the refrigerator
If there is more mould on your bread than in a pound of blue cheese, or you suddenly notice the remains of last month’s pot roast at the back of your refrigerator, it’s time to get organised. Step one is to keep your refrigerator cold. Most people have no idea what the actual temperature in their refrigerator is.
Since harmful bacteria thrive in warmer temperature, it’s best to keep your refrigerator temperature below 4C. Spending a few dollars on an inexpensive thermometer is a worthwhile investment. Place it in the centre of the middle shelf for an accurate reading.
The internal temperature of your refrigerator is based on many variables – for example, the amount of food in storage, the frequency of opening the refrigerator door, and the temperature of your kitchen. The best way to monitor the inside cooling temperature of your refrigerator is with a refrigerator thermometer.
Keep raw meat containers on the lowest shelf. This helps to keep any juice from dripping onto other foods. If your refrigerator is overloaded, take the time to get rid of the unnecessary items. Cold air should circulate.
Any fridge can benefit from a thorough wipe-down. Get rid of any splatters. Once any food has passed its prime, get rid of it. Get into the habit of dating your leftovers and get rid of anything that has been stored for more than four days.
Food should not be out of refrigeration for more than two hours. Because, if it is exposed to temperature above 4C, harmful bacteria will multiply rapidly. In hot weather (above 32C), the time is reduced to one hour.
If you are not sure that an item is safe to eat, trust your instinct and discard it. Don’t taste it! If there is any sign of mould, that’s another strong reason to dispense with it.
In the freezer
The FIFO method works in the freezer, too. Make sure that your foods are rotated so that you use older items first. An organised freezer makes it easier to find things, too.
Always be prepared
You never know when you will need a little extra on hand. So, stock a supply of non-perishable foods for unexpected needs. Canned fruits, soups and vegetables, peanut butter and nuts are simple staples. Make sure that your emergency stash gets a review every now and then.
Drinking water is the major cause of disease. Full care should be taken. Water for drinking should be boiled as boiling kills all the bacteria and virus. Instead of boiling, ultraviolet water filter can also be used for purifying drinking water in the kitchen.
To ensure safety from LPG leakage:
Use ISI-mark LPG tubes.
Always keep the cylinder in a vertical position.
Regularly check for cracks in the LPG rubber tube.
Keep the kitchen airy with cross-ventilation.
Place the gas stove on a raised platform because LPG is heavier than air and tends to settle on the base.
Do not operate a stove near or facing a window.
Switch off the regulator when cooking gas is not in use, especially at night.
Do not repair the gas stove or cylinder yourself. Whenever required, call the expert from the gas agency.
When it leaks…
Do not operate any electrical switch if you smell LPG leakage.
Never use a lighted lamp to locate the leak. Use soap water solution.
Open all doors and windows.
Call your LPG distributor or Emergency Service Cell.
Close regulator and burner knob.
How to make your kitchen fuel-efficient:
– Organise your cooking. Keep all ingredients ready for cooking. This will help you cook without delay and thus save gas.
– If you have to stop cooking for a short while, shut off the gas.
– Use a pressure cooker to save gas and reduce cooking time.
– Use the small burner. A large burner consumes 15% more gas.
– Always use flat and shallow vessels.
– Cover the vessel while cooking
– Use the required quantity of water while cooking. Surplus water requires more heating and, therefore more gas.
– Bring out frozen materials well in advance to reach room temperature before cooking.
– If the flame is blue, everything is fine. If the outlet holes are blocked and the flame is yellow, clean the burner or get your stove checked by a mechanic.
With the increase of solid waste generated in the kitchen, it becomes a major source of pollution. Solid waste disposal is also becoming a part of kitchen management. Try kitchen manager (the olden days title of ‘cook’ is obsolete for the new housewife) has to take care of solid waste disposal also. For this, the waste generated in the kitchen should be segregated in the kitchen itself into the biodegradable and the non-degradable. The non-degradable should be put in a separate bin. The biodegradable part may be used to produce bio-fertiliser/organic fertiliser in a pit for the kitchen garden. If the facility does not exist, the biodegradable part may be separately handed over to the garbage collector who will use the same for vermiculture to produce organic manure. With water becoming a scarce commodity in the cities, the kitchen manager should also take care to recycle the waste water generated in the kitchen to be used in the kitchen garden, flower beds, etc.
SALIENT FEATURES OF MODERN KITCHEN MANAGEMENT
Scientific design and layout of the kitchen for light, cross-ventilation etc.
Better arrangement of kitchen appliances like gas stove, fridge, water filter, racks, cabinet etc.
Cleanliness and hygiene.
Safety (food safety and personal safety).
Preparation of food without destroying its nutritious values.
Preservation of vegetables and cooked food.
Good cooking habits and conservation of fuel.
Proper disposal of solid waste generated in the kitchen.
Recycling the waste water from the kitchen in the kitchen garden.
If you’re looking for door handles Australia, you don’t have to leave the comfort of your computer. There are now plenty of home improvement merchant sites online. Now you can shop for all your home renovation needs online. A new dimension of warmth can be bought in my making fresh changes to a home. At initial thought one might be hesitant to make such changes because the costs might seem daunting. Small subtle changes can make good impact so you don’t have to be spending so much at a time. Changing things like the drapes, lighting, upholstery, door knobs, taps, and such won’t cost you a burden but can bring about that much needed change. Making such changes truly are refreshing and can rejuvenate a tired spirit. These simple changes might just be what you need whether it be out of necessity or preference. If your budget is tight, get creative with things like lighting. You can also reduce costs by making small changes at a time.
These little home details like taps and doorknobs come in so many varieties. You can browse brass, chrome, satin chrome, antique copper, antique brass, iron, glass, crystal, ceramic, and porcelain door handles Australia that can be designed in the form of Art Deco, Victorian, Edwardian, and French styles. You might also like to consider internal locks, external locks, euro locks, French doors, patio bolts, rim locks, and deadbolts. Faucet taps also come in a range of designs. To save you from the hassle of having to fit and remodel fixtures at home, make sure that the items you select are already compatible in terms of size and such.
Having a window air conditioner, or even a good fan, can make even the hottest day more comfortable, but if you are not careful those units can also run up your utility bills. There are ways to reduce the energy consumption of both air conditioners and fans, and it is important to learn those tips and tricks before the hot summer months arrive.
The choice of air conditioner can make a big difference in the utility bills you have to pay. Choosing a model based on its energy efficiency as well as its purchase price can save you a lot of money in the long run. It is often better to spend a little more up front on an energy efficient model you can more than make up the difference in the energy you will save.
Look for an air conditioner with variable fan speeds. That flexibility allows you to choose the amount of cooling you need reducing energy usage and saving you money. Variable-speed air conditioners also run more quietly, so you will not be disturbed by the whir of the fan.
Try to install the window unit in as central a location as possible. If you can, choose the window that is closest to the center of the room. This will allow the air to flow more freely and cool the entire room or group of rooms more efficiently. Choosing an area out of direct sunlight will also help the air conditioner run more efficiently and use less energy. Be sure to seal up any gaps between the side and top of the unit and the window. This will reduce energy leakage and keep that cool air where it belongs in your home.
Once that unit is in place, consider adding a simple timer to cool the room only when needed. Set the timer to turn the air conditioner off when you leave home in the morning and back on just before you get back in the evening.
Be sure to close the fresh air vent whenever the air conditioner is running. The fresh air vent allows air to flow in from outside, which is great when the unit is turned off. If you leave it on, however, you are literally paying to cool the outside world.
You can reduce your cooling costs further by using fans in conjunction with your window air conditioners. A fan can circulate the cool air and allow you to set the air conditioner at a higher temperature. Oscillating fans are particularly good at moving air around the home.
Ceiling fans are also great either in addition to the air conditioner or as a replacement. Set the ceiling fan to bring the air down into the room you will likely notice a change in comfort level right away. When the hot summer months are over, setting the ceiling fan to move air toward the ceiling can reduce your heating costs and keep the house more comfortable.
Consider adding a whole house fan for even more comfort and lower energy costs. A whole house fan is designed to be mounted in the attic, and it ventilates the entire home at once. You will need to open a few windows before turning the whole house fan on, but once it is going it can really make a difference. You may even be able to turn your air conditioner off until the temperature gets extremely high.
Using these tips can let you keep your home comfortable and cool all summer long and let you save money at the same time. You can reduce your summer energy costs will still keeping your home and your family comfortable and cool all season long.
Are you a newbie to home improvement projects? If you feel afraid or confused when it comes to home improvement, continue reading this article. If you find yourself feeling this way, you are certainly not alone. Fortunately, there are many ways to overcome this bias! Read these tips to learn how to start your home improvement projects.
To add a unique touch to a bookcase, invest in the help of some wallpaper. A design that is unique but visually pleasing can go a long way. For a creative look, apply the wallpaper you have picked out on the inside of your bookshelf. You will get a design boost from this and create an additional interesting piece in your room.
Organize your closet by purchasing some designer paper boxes. You can usually find paper boxes with a nice patterned design at your local store. Use these boxes to organize your seasonal clothing, hide winter accessories, purses you aren’t using or shoes you won’t need for a while. Using patterned paper boxes makes the layout of your closet appear more organized and provide a hiding spot for things you’re not using.
Consider hiring a professional to do the electrical work for your home improvement project. It may seem easy to change out an outlet from two prongs to three, but if you are unfamiliar with electrical work, the safest thing to do is to have an electrician take care of the rewiring for you.
It is important to work from the bottom up in a home improvement project. This is the exact opposite approach than you would take for many other projects, but there is a lot more mess involved in home improvement. Make sure to consider the order that you want your projects completed in.
A great home improvement tip is to call local repair services and shop around for the best deal. By shopping around, you’ll have more of an awareness of who you’re doing business with, and you’ll be more likely to find the right person for the job. This can be a great way to make sure you’re getting quality work done.
Opt to do your laundry every time your hamper fills up, instead of waiting for your dirty laundry to pile for a week. Throwing your laundry in the washing machine every two days cuts down the amount of time you need to spend folding, waiting for the washing machine and the dryer and puts less strain on your machine.
Pile your home improvement lumber behind your couch! Don’t have a place to store your long pieces of lumber while you’re working on a project? Just pile it neatly behind your couch and no one will ever know it’s there. You’ll keep it dry, safe, and ready for the next time you are inspired!
Home improvement can be less complicated than it may seem at first. It does not have to be as much work as it may seem. There are easier, small jobs as well. Given your new knowledge of the subject, you should be ready to try it out for yourself.
To provide a fair comparison between conservatories and Loggia Conservatories, it is worth looking at what defines each type of extension. /p>
A conservatory is best defined as a property extension with glass walls and roof, available in many different styles and glazing options and usually supported by dwarf walls. It was originally used to grow and protect citrus fruit trees during the winter months in the 16th century and was gradually developed over the proceeding centuries from a greenhouse to the modern variety we know today.
A loggia on the other hand is a property extension with glass walls and a glass roof, occasionally supported on dwarf walls, but with specially designed pillars set at regular intervals around the structure that provide a greater degree of structural integrity, greater thermal efficiency and a more aesthetically pleasing overall finish, both inside and outside the structure. In fact, the name “Loggia” is derived from a roofed gallery or recessed room open at one side and supported by ornate columns that was developed by Filippo Bruneschi during the Italian Renaissance period.
So the key difference between the two is the use of specially engineered columns that replace the need for awkward to build brick piers, greatly reducing build times, and are far more thermally efficient than using standard UPVC frames. These pillars even make the Loggia up to four times stiffer than a regular conservatory, which greatly reduces the “racking” effect of wind that could lead to cracking and other signs of distress.
Add to this the ease of internal plastering and you gain the solid, more luxurious feeling of a true extension with the low cost implications, permitted development rights removing the need for planning applications and all the extra natural light associated with modern conservatories. In fact, the Loggia even removes the need for building regulations, so the build itself can occur much faster without have to wait for approval from local authorities.
Tenant improvement allowances, funds provided by the landlord to improve office space, are becoming increasingly prevalent during landlord-tenant negotiations, and all companies should consider their role in creating an ideal office space. However, companies seeking to lease at least 5,000 square feet of Class A & B office space with a lease term of at least five years can exercise much greater leverage on the landlord and will typically find it easier to achieve many of the suggestions below. If in doubt, you should consult with a real estate broker to determine the feasibility of any specific item.
1. In todays economic environment, many landlords are providing and funding 100 percent of the building standard installations required by tenants.
2. Tenants should try to negotiate above-standard items, such as millwork, extra HVAC, large glass walls, plush carpeting or special lighting, to get them included in the tenant improvement allowance provided by the landlord.
3. When landlords refuse to fund all or a portion of above-standard items, tenants can try to amortize their cost into the rent over the term of the lease instead of paying out of pocket.
4. Funding above-standard work can also be achieved via negotiating tactics, for example, offering to decrease the quantity of free rent and increase the tenant improvement allowance instead.
5. We recommend tenants hire an architect to represent their interests and suggest a layout and design of the space to ensure tenant improvement allowances are put to the best possible use.
6. Tenants can avoid the need for a large tenant improvement allowance by touring many suites and finding one with a suitable existing configuration. However, we advise tenants to avoid compromising the amount of their tenant improvement allowance just to decrease the rental rate.
7. Landlords are providing generous tenant improvement allowances for new tenants, and tenants can use this as leverage even if they are only renewing, especially if they have occupied the space for the past five-to-ten years.
8. If landlords offer a specific dollar amount for a tenant improvement allowance, we advise tenants to negotiate an open-bid format, based on an expert review by their own architect, project manager or construction firm.
9. Many companies are using tenant improvement allowances to create more light in the workplace by adding glass in offices and conference rooms. From narrow, vertical side-windows to full walls of glass, natural light illuminates interior areas and provides sight-lines for workers to improve communications and productivity.
10. We always recommend tenants hire an architect to brainstorm about the best uses for tenant improvement allowances. Many companies are decreasing hard-walled offices in favor of flexible workstations and huddle rooms, small two-to-four person conference areas, to accommodate departments changing needs.
Some days are a lot more stressful than others if you take into account everyday life aspects. Aspects like your career, your marriage or relationship, or even paying your bills on time.
Every day events certainly warrant stress relief management tactics, but every few months your stress is exponentially compounded on specific days of the year.
Here is a list of 5 of the most stressful days of the year:
What could possibly be stressful about a family gathering to eat some turkey and watch some football? Hopefully, you have been through enough Thanksgivings to pick up on my sarcasm in the previous question. The turkey and football are definitely effective stress reducers in their own right, provided the Lions play a competitive game. The turkey provides a scientifically engineered excuse to skip forced family conversations and doze off for a while.
For students, it’s make or break time. For parents, it signals time to prepare your home for their summer or extended return home. There is a good chance that their finals will go well and all their extensive fretting and preparation will have paid off. Just like any other stressful day or situation, there is a period of stress release expected. Do your poor, over achieving student a favor and foot the tab for a night out (given they are 21 or older of course!)
#3 January 4th
Researchers have pinpointed January 4 to be the most stressful day of the year. They say that the perfect storm of cold weather, economic gloom, and the end of Christmas cheer will leave many temporarily sad and depressed.
Judi James, a psychologist and expert in communications and body language, said:”January can be one of the most stressful times of the year between sale shopping and recovering from the excesses of the party season, which can stimulate negative behaviors such as rising tension, stress levels and blood pressure.”
#2 Tax Day
April 15th. Many of us taxpaying, ever tax write off searching adults know this day all too well. Consider yourself lucky if you or your highly accredited tax professional has decided that a return is headed your way. For those who have to scrounge up funds to meet the deadline experience a lot more stress leading up to this day. April 15th isn’t just stressful for tax payers; it takes a toll on all those involved in the process. Immediately move this day to the #1 most stressful day if it has resulted or results in an audit.
As parents, you most likely guessed this one. But even without highly expecting children to shop for, Christmas is easily the most stressful time of the year. Scouring malls and department stores looking for the latest and greatest gifts can leave you physically and emotionally exhausted.
If it isn’t finding the perfect gift to please the loved or hated one you’re shopping for, it’s the management of available cash or credit to purchase for all of those on your list. Shopping is only half of the holiday battle as you will still have to attend a “joyous” family gathering or worse yet, host the event yourself.
Amtico flooring is just about the most hardwearing and practical alternative to real wood.
A huge selection of Amtico flooring in the latest natural wood designs that are available These range from the softest grains such as white maple, to the mid toned classic oaks, and on to the darkest colour in our range Wenge Wood.
All Amtico woods are genuine British made commercial grade (not the Asian made Spacia or Karndean) and are manufactured in ‘tick’ finish in the standard 114mm x 915mm standard size.
Choosing an Amtico floor means you don’t have to worry about long term maintenance- your floor will never need sanding or re-finishing. The tough hardwearing surface will repel stains and moisture making it an ideal choice for wet areas such as bathrooms and shower rooms, and heavy wear areas like hallways and entrance lobbies.
Amtico wood authentically replicates the natural product and it’s true characteristics. The Stripwood is highly variable in grain and decoration. Please consider this in your product choice as online images only display a small section of the material.
Installing Amtico wood flooring can be undertaken by any reasonably competent DIYer with little in the way of equipment. If you are laying onto an existing wood floorboard, chipboard, or MDF sub-floor, it is always good practice to install a new plywood base first. This ensures long term wear, it will also prevent undulations showing through your new flooring.
If your sub-floor is reasonably flat, 6mm exterior grade moisture resistant plywood is adequate. This should be fixed at 15-20cm centers with screw nails. If your sub-floor is old and extremely uneven, a thicker grade plywood 9mm or 12mm should be used. However before fixing this, level off any hollows with a latex screed compound. Otherwise the plywood will never be completely flat.
After installing the plywood, spend as much time as possible filling any gaps in the joints, and knocking down nails flat. Then take down any high spots with a medium grade sand paper. More Time taken on preparing the sub-floor will produce huge dividends when you have installed you new Amtico, so do not be tempted to cut any corners.
Depending on how flat and smooth you have managed to make the prepared sub-floor, it may be necessary to apply a further leveler such as Ardex “Feather Finish” which can be applied thinly without the risk of de-bonding
When you are installing over a solid floor e.g. concrete, asphalt, quarry tiles, stone flags etc. it is important that your do a thorough check of the moisture content of the sub-floor. Even a minute amount of moisture in a sub-floor will cause Amtico flooring to start lifting within a very short period of time. Your investment will then be wasted, as the floor will be beyond repair.
Check in the first instance for the presence of a dpm, which should be visible on your outside, walls maybe the first or second line of brick or stone. If there is none evident, and your house was built before 1960, then it is wise to assume that there is no damp proof membrane in the sub-floor.